Friday, December 31, 2010
Thursday, December 30, 2010
Wednesday, December 29, 2010
1) The mother
As she is the creator of all, she is of the form of Matrka.
2) Mata is the name of the mantra of the Deity Nitya of the tenth day of the lunar fortnight.
3) According to PdmP, Mata is the deity of Kayavarohana place.
4) Mata is the name of laksmibija. She is of that form.
Tuesday, December 28, 2010
1) hamsah (=yati visesah) asyam abhedena santi iti
Hamsas are a particular kind of samnyasins.
Here the Goddess is identified with them
2) hamsah (=ajapamantrah) asti asyah
Hamsa represents a particular mantra inaudible to others. She is of that form.
Monday, December 27, 2010
mala asti asyah
She who wears garlands
Or, Malini is also called Deity representing the garland of fifty-one syllables (matrkas)
Or Malini is the name of the friend of the Goddess
Or Malini is the name of a certain metre.
Or Malini is the name of the river Mandakini.
A seven year-old girl is also called Malini
Sunday, December 26, 2010
Saturday, December 25, 2010
trini (=somasuryagnirupani) nayanani yasyah sa
She who has three eyes.
Her three eyes are the Sun, the moon and the fire. The trinayana is also used for vausat by which gods are to be invoked.
2) trini (pratyaksanumanasabdarupani) nayani (=pramanani yasyah)
The word nayana may secondarily mean, means of knowledge, i.e., pramana. This the trinayana, according to this interpretation would mean the three modes of knowledge - holy word (srti) perception (pratyaksa) and reasoning( anumana)
Or tri means three and naya path, i.e., She leads those who are entitled to the three paths. e these three paths are south, north and the path of Brahman.
Friday, December 24, 2010
Thursday, December 23, 2010
Wednesday, December 22, 2010
Tuesday, December 21, 2010
Monday, December 20, 2010
1) Susthu astih (=satta)= svastih, tadvati
According to this interpretation, the word su means good, asti being mat=having. THis the name means she is the Absolute Reality beyond the manifestations that are only empirically real.
2) The word svasti according to Yaska means immortal. According to Ratnakosa the word means benediction, benevolence, etc. She may be identical with that.
Sunday, December 19, 2010
Saturday, December 18, 2010
Friday, December 17, 2010
Thursday, December 16, 2010
Wednesday, December 15, 2010
1) Who is present as contentment.
The Goddess is always praised under with such names as Tusti, Pusti, (nourishment) which express wisdom or knowledge( jnana) or steadfastness (dhairya), tranquility (sama), benevolence (Kalyana), beauty, etc.
2) Tusti is a deity of the tirtha called Vastresvara.
Tuesday, December 14, 2010
1) kumarah (=skandah) gananathah (=gajananah) tayoh amba
The mother of Kumara (Skanda) and Gananatha ( Ganesh)
2) kutsito maraganah (=smaravikara samuhah) yesam, tannathan ambate (badhnati)
According to this interpretation, ku (kutsita)= inferior, maragana means passional modifications, natha = Lords, amba means the binder. i.e., destroyer. Thus it would mean she who destroys the lords of passional modifications
3) The world kumara may also mean egoism as Kumara (i.e., Skanda) is the deity of ahamkara. Hence She binds and punishes those who possess the qualities of ahamkara (egoism)
Monday, December 13, 2010
Sunday, December 12, 2010
1) kulakundam (=muladharamadhyagato binduh) eva alayam yasyah
Whose abode is kulakunda
Kulakunda is the bindu in the center of the pericarp of the muladhara. It can be compared to the narrow opening in the underground stalk of the lotus.
2) The a ( in alaya) means from all sides, i.e., deep, laya sleep. Hence kulakunda is the place where kundalini remains in a state of deep sleep. Hence the name would mean she who rests at kulakunda, that is kundalini.
Saturday, December 11, 2010
Friday, December 10, 2010
Thursday, December 9, 2010
Wednesday, December 8, 2010
1) The Expert One
As she exhibits skill in functions like creation, protection, etc., She is called an expert.
2) kusam (=jalam) lati iti
She who brings water
3) kutsitah salah (=candrama) yasyah (agre)
Even the moon seems faint when compared to Her beauty. Sala means the moon.
Tuesday, December 7, 2010
Monday, December 6, 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
1) madena patale (=svetaraktau) gandbhuvau yasyah
Whose cheeks are reddish due to rapture
2) madapatale (kasturi puspa visese ca) tadavatyau gandabhuvau yasyah sa
According to this interpretation, the word mada means a kind of flower. Thus the name would mean whose cheeks are decorated with musk(marks) and patala flowers(dangling from the ear-tops).
Saturday, December 4, 2010
Friday, December 3, 2010
Thursday, December 2, 2010
Wednesday, December 1, 2010
Tuesday, November 30, 2010
1)pancakosanam antare (=madhye) sthita
She resides in the core of the five kosas (Sheaths)
These pancakosas are explained thus: Pancakapuja is an act of devotion in the worship of the Sriyantra. Therein five formulas are to be used and there are five deities. These formulas (i.e., mantras) are identical with deities. Hence they are pancakosas, viz., the Srividya taking bindu at center, Paramjyoti, Niskalasambhavi, Ajapa, and Matrka. Among these, except Srividya, the remaining four are worshiped individually and collectively in srsti-cakra, etc. The Srividya is in the center. Thus the Goddess is in the midst of these kosas.
2) pancanam annamayadinam kosanam antare (=madhye anandamaya kose abhedena) sthita.
She resides as (the anandamayakosa) the innermost kosa among the five kosas.
In our body, there are five sheaths - annamaya, pranamaya, manomaya, vijnanamaya, and anandamaya. She is called the fifth kosa anandamaya.
But according to Sankaracarya, anandamaya kosa is not Brahman nd it is enveloped by annamaya, etc. In that case the anandamaya is in the form of citsakti which is the body of Brahman, who is prakasa itself.
In view that Brahman is the support of the anandamaya (pucchabrahmapaksa) name would mean She is in the center of these five sheaths.
Monday, November 29, 2010
Sunday, November 28, 2010
Saturday, November 27, 2010
Friday, November 26, 2010
1) tattvani (=sivadiksityantani sattrimsat) eva asanam yasyah sa
Who is seated on the seat of 36 categories.
The categories are thirty-six beginning with Siva to earth. Asana is a posture called Yogapitha.
2) tattvani asyati (=ksipati) iti
She who throws (generates) the categories (from herself)
Thursday, November 25, 2010
1) dvija vrndaih (=traivarnika samuhaih) nisevita (=upasya)
She is worshiped by the community of twice-born
SHe is worshiped because she is Sandhya
2) dvijah (paksinah iva jivah), tesam vrndena nitaram (=abhedena) sevita (=sambaddha)
Three names, Vyahrti, Sandhya, Dvijavrndanisevita (nos 421, 422,and 423) indicate three different states. The first state, viz., waking state is indicated by Vyahrti being operation of speech, Sandhya indicates dreaming state (svapnah) as it lies between the other two states. And dvija means birds and also like them , Jiva. As birds exhausted by flight fold their wings and rest in the nest, tired jivas exhausted quit waking and dreaming states and merge into the Supreme Brahman in the susupti.
Thus She is worshiped in all these three states.
Wednesday, November 24, 2010
1) samyak dhyayanti asyam
The period in which they meditate wholly on Her.
2) The word sandhya means the idea of non-separation of ourselves and that of caitanya which is in the sun.
3) Sandhya, according to Bhrd Smr, means: "She who is differentiated as Brahman, etc., the witness of action, radiant, the Sakti of Isvara is called by the wise Sandhya.
4) According to Madhava, the word sandhya means the deity who is to be worshiped at twilight.
5) Sandhya means mind-born daughter of Brahma
6) According to RnkP, ida, pingala and susumna are called Kali, Laksmi and Ekavira respectively. This the three twilights are identified with three Goddesses and the nadis
7) According to Dhaumya, a one year old girl is called Sandhya.
Tuesday, November 23, 2010
Monday, November 22, 2010
1) she who is not different from gayatri. Gayatri is the meter consisting of twenty-four syllables.
2) She is of the form of Gayatri, i.e., cowherd's daughter who is the younger wife of Brahma.
3) The word gayatri means the mother of the Vedas. The Goddess is inseparable from Gayatri. Hence she is called Gayatri.
4) gayatam trayate sa
One who protects the singer
Sunday, November 21, 2010
Saturday, November 20, 2010
Friday, November 19, 2010
Thursday, November 18, 2010
Wednesday, November 17, 2010
1) manamsi vacasca=manovacah, tesam ca agocara (=avisayah)
She is beyond the reach of mind and speech
2) manasca vacaca = manovace te ca te ame (=apakve) manovacame, na manovacame = a manovacame tayoh agocara
Who can be grasped by mind and speech which are not unright (unripe)
Tuesday, November 16, 2010
Monday, November 15, 2010
1) pramatum yogya prameya, prameya na bhavati iti aprameya
Who is immeasurable.
2) akaradyaih (=brahmavisnadibhih) prameya
According to this interpretation, letter a means Brahma, Visnu and Mahesa and prameya = to be known. Thus the name means 'one who is to be known by Brahma etc.'
3) apsu prameya (apprameya)
According to this interpretation, ap means 'water' and prameya, means 'abiding'. Hence the name means 'She is born in waters".
Sunday, November 14, 2010
Saturday, November 13, 2010
1) sustani (=vihitakarmani)istani (=priyani) yasyah sa
She to whom the right conduct (laid down) in scriptures is dear.
2) Sistaih (=vihita karmabhih) ista (=pujita) i.e., worshipped by ordained ceremonies
3)sistah ista yasyah sa
The sistas (wise) are dear to Her.
4) sistaih (=sajjanaih) ista (=pujita)
Friday, November 12, 2010
Thursday, November 11, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
1) (bhaktam) sivam eva karoti
She who makes (Her devotee) Siva himself.
Sivahood being the goal of the seeker of salvation, She leads the seeker to find it by removing ignorance.
2) sivam (=mangalam) karoti sa
She who causes all that is auspicious
Tuesday, November 9, 2010
1) Sivah eva nurthih (=svarupam) yasyah sa
She who is the form of Siva
There is no difference between Siva and Sakti
2) Sivah (=mangalamayi) murtih yasyah
Whose is the most beneficent form.
3) Siva (=moksah) eva rupam yasyah
Whose form is the salvation itself
Monday, November 8, 2010
Sunday, November 7, 2010
sivah dutah (=sandesaprapakah) yasyah sa
Whose messenger is Siva.
Sivaduti is also one of the 16 nityas. She is worshiped as Sivaduti in the Puskara shrine. Also there is a vidya (mantra) called Sivaduti. All these can be meant by the name 'Sivaduti'.
Saturday, November 6, 2010
bhaktanam hrdi (=bhavanyani) tamamsi (ajnanani)= bhaktahardatamah, tesam bhede (=nasane) bhanumatah (=suryasya) bhanusantati eva ( = kirana parampara eva).
She is the effulgence of the sun which dispels the darkness of ignorance from the hearts of (Her) devotees.
She is the dazzling sun of knowledge. The darkness of the heart is the ignorance settled there.
Friday, November 5, 2010
1) mahanascasau kamesah ca iti mahakamesah, tasya nayane eva kumude, tayoh ahlade(=vikase sukhatisayakrt) kaumudi (=candrika iva) sa.
She who is the moonlight that blossoms the kumuda (lotus) of the eyes of Mahakamesa.
The word kaumudi may mean full moon of the month of Karttika.
2) kutsita mut yesam te kumudah (=vaisayikah), tesam asamantat hladah (=moksarupasukhatisayah) tasya kaumudi ( mahakamesam pratinayane kumudahlada kaumudi)
The Goddess illumines the pleasure which are enjoyed by sensuous person and which is generated by the leading of them to Lord Siva.
ku=inferior, mud = pleasure, Hence, according to this interpretation, the word kumuda means those who long for worldly pleasures. They are called inferior because their pleasures are mixed with pain.
Thursday, November 4, 2010
1) vidya (=svatmarupam jnanam) avidya= (caramavrttitupam jnanam)tadubhayaasvrupam asyah
She who assumes the form of Knowledge and ignorance
The word vidya means the knowledge of self and avidya means the knowledge in the form of last modification ( of duality, i.e., just before realization)
2) vidya (=caramvritti jnanam) avidya (=bhedabharanti-rupam jnanam) svah (=parabrahmatmakam jnanam) etat tryam rupam asyah
The word vidya means pure consciousness or the last psychosis in the jiva's state of bondage which gives final illumination; and avidya means the state of ignorance and bondage and also the confused knowledge of separateness. The word sva means knowledge belonging to Supreme Brahman. Rupa- these three are her forms
Wednesday, November 3, 2010
Tuesday, November 2, 2010
Monday, November 1, 2010
1) vyakta avyaktam ceti svarupe asyah
She is of the form of the manifested and the unmanifested.
The word vyakta means the category mahat, as it was first manifested and also from its greatness. In avyakata, a means on all sides and vyakta means manifested, i.e.egoism. She is of both the forms, i.e., that of mahat and ahamkara
2) Vyakta is manifested and avyakta is unmanifested, i.e, She is both the subjects and not subject to the modifications of elements. Or Vyakta is sat and avyakta is asat
3) vyakta means perishable and avyakta means imperishable
4) vyaktavykatasvarupini samastivyastirupa va
According this interpretation, vyakta means individual and avyakta means collective forms.
5) Also, the word Vyakta denotes the twenty-three categories and avyakta, the supreme prakriti
6) The name also means she is manifested in those whose deeds are ripened and not manifested in those whose are bound by the noose of maya.
Sunday, October 31, 2010
1) ma vyakta iti avyakta
Imperceptible as the super sensuous reality or the manifestation of maya.
2) the name means the avyakta of Samkhya School in which it is expressed by the words, pradhana or prakrti (matter)
3) The word avyakta means Brahman as it is said in the Vedantasutra, III.2.23: "that Brahman is avyakta for the scriptures say s0"
4) Avyakta also means Visnu.
Saturday, October 30, 2010
1) mulasya (srividyamantrasya) prakrtih (karanabhutah)
She is the cause of the sacred formula, viz., Srividya
According to this interpretation, the word mula stands for the Srividya mantra and prakrti means origin. She is the form of the two letters - prakasa ( i.e., A) and vimarsa ( i.e., Ha)
2) Mulaprakrti (=samkhyamata prasiddha prakrti)
According to thi interpretation, the word mula prakrti means primordial unchanging cause of all modifications posited by Samkhya.
3)Mula Prakrti means Kundalini as described in MrgSam. The Kundalini is called mulaprakrti with its seven productions (mahat, etc.) So the name according to this interpretation would mean she who is of the form of kundalini with its seven productions.
4) The word mula may mean first and prakrti the origin. So each of the five elements from ether to earth, is the origin of the succeeding one and the last of the earth, the Brahman is Prakrti (i.e., Origin). Brahman has the prakrti and so He is the root, i.e, the first cause.
5) Letter ma denotes five ( the five subtle elements) and la three (aryakta, mahat and ahamkara). Hence Mula means eight and prakrti means causes. Thus the name would mean eightfold prakrti.
Friday, October 29, 2010
Thursday, October 28, 2010
Wednesday, October 27, 2010
Tuesday, October 26, 2010
Monday, October 25, 2010
Srikanthardhasaririni1) srth (=visam) kanthe yasya sah = sri kanthah (=sivah)
srikanthasyadham sariram asyah
She, half of whose body is of Srikantha (Siva)
2)srikanthavad ardhe sarire asyah
She who has two half-bodies like Siva
She has a body of two colors: one half of the body is blue and other half is white. In the case of the goddess, the bright half is Gauri and the dark half is Kali.
3) srikanthah (=akarah) evardham sariram asyah
Thus he name means syllable a is whose half body.
According to this interpretation, the word srikantha denotes the letter a, the first one of the Sanskrit alphabet. Hence a is the a is the half of the body of the other letters of speech. The letter a, being the final utterance, is the para form which becomes ( later on) the Vaikhari.
4) The Goddess has only half a body, the other half is called Srikantha, i.e., the fulfiller (of the half). The same thing is explained in the Su Sam.
5) The name also denotes that when we write letters a (i.e., Srikantha), half (ardha) of it is like the Kamakala
Sunday, October 24, 2010
1) sodsaiva sodasikah, nityasca tah sodasikasca (kamesvaryaaditripurantah), tasam-rupani yasyah sa
She, who is of sixteen external forms (of deities)
The sixteen deities are from Kamesvari to Tripura. The Tantraraja says that the sixteen deities are the limbs of Lalita
2) The word sodasika also means sodasi
3) Nityo (=vikalparahitah) a (samantat) sodasiko (=grahayaga abhyasa visesah) yesu (kratusu) taih asmantat rupyate (=priyate) sa
She is pleased by those sacrifices in which the graha sacrifice is performed.
According to this interpretation, the word Sodasika means a house where graha sacrifice is performed.
4) She is of the form of Sodasi-mantra
Saturday, October 23, 2010
nirgatam banam (=sariram) yasmin (tadsariram)=nirvanam, nirvanam (=iyatta anavacchinnam) sukham (moksakhyam) dadati sa
She is the giver of the limitless bliss (of release) in which there is no body consciousness.
The word nirvana means nir- freed, vana= (by bavayorabhedah) also bana=body. In the Sruti, on the word girvana the word is explained as body by the Vedantins and by the Mimamsakas. Thus the word nirvana means without body, i.e., indescribable bliss. She is the giver of that bliss.
Friday, October 22, 2010
Thursday, October 21, 2010
Wednesday, October 20, 2010
sannam gunanam (aisvarya- dharma -yasyah- sri-jnana-vairagyanam) samuhah= sadgunyam, tena paritah purita
She is filled from outside with the six qualities
These six qualities can be mentioned by Kamandaka. Peace, War, Marching, Sitting, encamped, dividing his forces and allies; or the qualities mentioned in the Puranas, namely, prosperity, righteousness, fame, beauty (or wealth), knowledge and detachment.
Tuesday, October 19, 2010
1) sad (=avayavakani) angani, tesam devatabhih yukta (=avrta)
She, who is encircled by the deities of the six limbs.
These six limbs are heart, head. tuft, eyes, armour and weapon. She is encircled by the saktis belonging to these limbs.
According to Jna, one should worship these surrounding deities.
2) sadanganam (=adhisthatri) devata (=mahesvara eva), tena yukta
She is accompanied by Mahesvara, the presiding deity of the six limbs
According to DeBhP, these six limbs are explained as sarvajnata (omniscence), trpti (sense of completeness), anadi bodha (eternal consciousness), svatantrata (freedom), aluptasakti (unfading power) and anantata (infinity)
3) She is accompanied by the presiding deities of auxiliary sciences
According to this interpretation, the word sadangas means the six vedangas and hence, 'She is joined by the deities of Vedangas means that She is the form of then Vedas'
Monday, October 18, 2010
Sunday, October 17, 2010
Saturday, October 16, 2010
Friday, October 15, 2010
rahah tarpanena tarpita
Who is gratified by the (performance) secret tarpana
This tarpana is in the form of mental thinking which is an follows: "I sacrifice the universe from Earth to Siva in the fire of Samvit, ever burning without fuel and ever increasing, dispelling the darkness of illusion, the center from whichever emantes beautiful eyes.
Thursday, October 14, 2010
rahasi vivikte kriyamanah yagah, cidagnau punyadi homastakarupo rahoyaga tasya kramena (=prayogena) aradhya
She who is propitiated by the gradual offering into the secret sacrifice.
The Lord Siva and Parvati enjoy their company in secret in the thousand-petalled lotus in then brahmarandhra. This union is called rahoyaga in which eight things such as punya, papa, etc., are offered as oblations.
Wednesday, October 13, 2010
bindureva mandalam (=sarvanandmayatmakam cakravalam) tatra vasati sa
She whose dwells in the bindu mandala
Here bindu is interpreted as sarvanandamaya cakra is the Sri yantra. But according to others, the word bindu is interpreted as white (sukla) and mandala as center which means brahmarandhra.
Tuesday, October 12, 2010
Monday, October 11, 2010
Sunday, October 10, 2010
Saturday, October 9, 2010
1) srngararasena samyak purna
Who is completely of the sentiment of srngara
2) The two other pithas are referred to in what follows ( names Jalandharasthita and Odynanapithanilaya 378 and 379). The names Kamapujita and Srngararasasampurana (375 and 376) represent the centers (Pithas) called Kamarupa (Kamapujita) and Purnagiri (by Srngararasasampurana)
3) The word Srnga indicates two, ara means petal and rasa means six. Hence the word when combined (srngararasa), means the Anahata Cakra which has two groups of six petals. Sam means frequently and purna remains,i.e., she frequently remains in the Anahata Cakra.
4) Srngam (=pradhanabhutam) araram (kavatam)yasyah sa = srngara, sampurena (=brahamana) sahita =sampurna iti srngararasasampurna
Hence the word Srngam means 'the Chief' and arana means 'covering', that is which is covered (referring to avidya). And sa=with, sampurna= perfect (i.e., Brahman). Thus if we take karmadharaya here then both the Brahman, conditioned (covered by qualities) and unconditioned, are referred to as Her form
Friday, October 8, 2010
Thursday, October 7, 2010
1) krete (-sukrte dushkrte) janati iti krtajna
She who knows whatever is done (either good or bad)
According to this interpretation, she is not separated from Agni, Soma, etc., who are witnesses of good and bad actions.
2)krtasya (=upkarasya) jnanena pratupakartri
She who rewards the action done by imparting knowledge
3) krtavat jna (jnanam) yasyah sa (krtajna)
According to this interpretation , the word krta=just as required, jna = knowledge, i.e., she possesses the knowledge.
4) krta also means krtayuga, jna knowledge, i.e., perfect knowledge. In the krta age, the knowledge was perfect knowledge.
5) Again, Krta means a certain side of a dice having 4 points. So she who knows the krta-dyuta. Hence she always conquers when she casts the dice with Siva.
She possesses all -pervading knowledge.
Wednesday, October 6, 2010
Tuesday, October 5, 2010
Monday, October 4, 2010
1) visesa kharah (=kathinah) tasyeyam= vaikhari
saiva rupam yasyah
She who is the form of vaikhari speech
According to this interpretation, the word vaikhari is explained thus: vi=much, khara=hard. Because this form of speech is gross form (i.e., physical) hence it is vaikhari.
2) vai (=niscayena) kham (=karnavivaram) rati = (gacchati)
i.e., vai means definitely Kham to the ears, rati enters. That which certainly enters the ear.
But according to the Yogasastra, It is called vaikhari because it raises the vikharvayu upward.
Sunday, October 3, 2010
Saturday, October 2, 2010
Friday, October 1, 2010
Thursday, September 30, 2010
Wednesday, September 29, 2010
Tuesday, September 28, 2010
svasyah atmarupa yah anandah tasya lavibhuta brahmadinam anandam santatayah (=samyaksamuhah) yasyah sa
She whose bliss, the totality of the bliss of Brahma, etc., is but a small part.
Here by Brahma, etc., one should mean Brahma, Visnu, Rudra. Their bliss together forms a small part pf the bliss of the Goddess. AsTaiUp, II 8 says, other beings live on a small part of this bliss.
Monday, September 27, 2010
1) cita saha ekah rasah svarupam yesam, cideva mukhyah rasah yesam tani=cidekarasaani, cidekarasani rupani asya santi iti.
She who has cit only as the essence of Her form.
The name explains the attributes of bliss, consciousness, etc., are inseparable from her.
2) Cidekarasam (=cinmatrabhimam) rupam asti asyah
Whose form is ever non-separated from the cit.
In the tadpadalaksyartha (363) it is said that conditioned and unconditioned Brahman have the relation of sameness. Regarding this, doubts may arise. It can be contended that such relation between them is not possible because both are different. The name cidekarasarupini is the reply to this. Though the two appear as different (by attributes), at the same time they are one and the same.
Sunday, September 26, 2010
taditi padena laksaniyah arthah yasyah sa
She who is denoted by the word tat.
The word, tat, which frequently occurs in the srutis such as 'tattvamasi' etc., directly means the Brahman as the creator. Hence, that is conditioned Brahman. But the Goddess is not meant by direct (expressed) meaning but by indirect meaning which indicates unconditioned Brahman (hence she is denoted by Laksyartha). The relation between both the Brahman is 'sameness'.
Saturday, September 25, 2010
Friday, September 24, 2010
Thursday, September 23, 2010
1) tanuh (=krsah) madhyah yasyah sa
She whose waist is slender
2) She is the deity famous in the region of Kanci ( as the consort of Bilvesvara Siva)
3) Tanumadhya is the name of a center metre ( i.e., samvrtta). She is the form of tanumadhya metre.
Wednesday, September 22, 2010
1) tapasaih aradhya
She who is worshiped by ascetics
2) tapah (=tajjanakatvat samsarah), tatra sarabhuta, adhya (= asamantat dhyanam) yasyah sa
According to this interpretation, tapa means samsara as it causes (produces) misery, sara = essence, a= deep and dhya=meditation. Thus the name means she whose deep meditation is essential in the samsara (world)
Tuesday, September 21, 2010
Monday, September 20, 2010
tapanam (=adhyatmikadhibhautikadhidaivikakyanam) trayam yasya, tena agnina = tapatrayagnina samyak taptanam (=jananam) samyak ahladanena candrika.
She who is the moonlight that gladdens those tormented by fire of the triple misery.
The word Tapatraya means triple misery, viz., adhyatmika (belonging to the soul or internal), adhibhautika (belonging to element or external sense-organs) and adhidaivika (belonging to supernatural powers). The Agni means samsara he has to suffer from, the triple misery
Sunday, September 19, 2010
1) san (=uttamah) acarah = sadcarah, tasya pravartika
She who disseminates the good action ( lit., mode of life)
In the preceding name it is explained that she destroys the heretics. Thus She leads to the right action.
2) The word sat (satam) also means sistanam, i.e., 'of gentle'. Or of Brahman, She guides to observe the percepts enjoined in karmakanda and the advaita. Brahman in the jnanakanda through the means laid down in the Puranas.
Saturday, September 18, 2010
Samhrtah (= nasitah) asesah (=samastah) pakhandah yaya sa
She by whom all the heretics are destroyed.
The word is explained as pa to mean ' the meaning of the vedas' and khanda to mean 'cutting off'. Hence, that in which the meaning of the vedas are abandonded is called pakhanda. Here, one should understand 'Vedas' as the fourteen-fold vidya.
Friday, September 17, 2010
1) pasunam (abhedajnanarupavidyavihinanam) pase (=pipasa asanaye) visisya mocayati
She who completely releases the bondage ( of thirst and hunger) of the animals [those who do not know the identity of soul (i.e., jivatma) and the highest soul, i.e., paramatma]
According to this interpretation, pasus are those who have not obtained abhedajnana. The word pasa (lit., bondage) is explained thus, pa= thirst, asa = hunger. The ignorants are called pasus because they possess the desire of eating and drinking only. The Goddess releases them from these bondages.
2) The word pasu (avyaya) means completely and pasa means the noose of Varuna. She completely frees her devotees from the noose of Varuna.
3) The word pasu properly; pasa the dice; vi much and mocini the thrower (samyakpasan patayatiti). The meaning is gambling with Siva, by throwing dices properly, she conquers him.
4) pasupasya (= parsivasya) asa (=prepsa) yesam te pasupasah, tan visesena mocayati (=prapta sivamstanoti)
Here, the word pasupa means pasun pati iti= He who protects the pasus, i.e., Paramasiva; the asa means desire ( i.e., desire to attain). So She emancipates entirely those who desire to obtain Siva and leads them to Paramasiva.
5) pasavah (= brahmadisthavarantah), tesam pasah (avidya), tah = pasupasah = tan (sivabhaktya) vimocayati
According to this interpretation, all the things beginning Brahma down to the tree are pasus as they have the desire of eating and drinking. The word pasa means avidya it is the only means of bondage. She by means of devotion to Siva makes them free.
The word pasa also means modifications of avidya. She by taking them away frees her devotees.
Thursday, September 16, 2010
1) bhaktimatam kalpalatika
She who is the wish - fulfilling creeper for her devotees.
She is also called because she fulfills the wish of those who worship Her.
2) Kalpa means imperfect or incomplete (i.e., apurna) Thus 'Bhaktimatkalpalatika' means ' those who are imperfect'. For them She is Lata Vistarini. Hence she turns the imperfect devotees to perfect ones.
Wednesday, September 15, 2010
1) Vahneh mandale (=muladhare parmakase va) vasatiti tatha
She who resides in the sphere of fire.
'Vahnimandala' means the muladhara or the highest ether (paramakasa). These are Her dwelling places.
2) The word vahni which is famous indicates "the three". The three can be the sun, moon and fire. Hence she resides in the spheres of these three.
Tuesday, September 14, 2010
1) vamah (=sundrah) kesah yasyah sa
She whose hair is of graceful appearance.
2) vama eva vamakah (=purusah) tesam isah = vamakesah, tasya stri
She who is the consort of the Lord of Man (i.e., Siva)
3) Vamakesah is a certain tantra. She belongs to that tantra. Hence She is called Vamakesi
Monday, September 13, 2010
Sunday, September 12, 2010
Saturday, September 11, 2010
Friday, September 10, 2010
vigato malah (=avidya) yasyah sa
She from whom the impurity (in the form of nescience) has vanished
According to PadmP, Vimala is the name of the particular deity (Purusottama) in the Devi - tirthas
Vimala means kind of house. So the Goddess is in the form of house called Vimala
Thursday, September 9, 2010
1) visisto jayo yasyah sa
She whose victory is extraordinary
2) The word can be interpreted as knowledge itself
3) Vijaya is the deity of Kashmir and of other sixty eight places
4) According to this, she is the form of Shiva
5) She is also called Vijaya owing to the slaying of the demon, Padma
6) According to the Cintamani, Vijaya is an auspicious muhurta, She is of that form
Wednesday, September 8, 2010
1) ksetrapalena (=sivavataravisesena) samyak arcita
She who was properly worshipped by the special incarnation of Siva (Ksetrapala)
2) Ksetram (=yagayatanam) palayati iti ksetrapalah, tena samyak arcita
According to this interpretation ksetra means the place of sacrificial ceremony, pala means the keeper (protector). Hence, She is the protector of the places of sacrificial ceremony.
Tuesday, September 7, 2010
1) ksayavrddhibhyam vinirmukta
She who is free from decay and growth
It is the nature of the body that it can increase or decrease ( modifications taking place in the body - ksetra). She, though controller of the body, is free from decay and growth of ksetra.
2) She is free from the action and the result of the action as the decay and growth are the results of action
Monday, September 6, 2010
Sunday, September 5, 2010
Saturday, September 4, 2010
Friday, September 3, 2010
1) vilasah (=vikesepasaktih) asti asyah
She who possesses the projecting power (hence, playful). Or. the word vilasa also means pithasaktih.
2) According to the grammatical rule bavayarabhedah Bile or Vile (brahma-randhare) aste iti. She who resides in the brahmarandhra
Thursday, September 2, 2010
visnoh (=vyapanasilasya desakaladibhiranavacchinnasya) api maya (avaranakartri)
She who is the maya of visnu, she limits the all-pervasive Visnu
Or, it may mean illusion belonging to Visnu (tatsambandhini maya). The word visnumaya is explained in the Kalika P as that which differentiates everything into manifested and unmanifested according to the three gunas - sattva, rajas and tamas
Wednesday, September 1, 2010
Tuesday, August 31, 2010
1) Vidadhati (=dharayati posayati va jagat) iti vidhatri
She who sustains (or supports) the World.
2) Vidhatuh (=brahmanah) iyam (=patni)
She is the wife of Brahma
3)visista (visesapriti visaya) dhatri (=amalaki) yasyah sa
She who is fond of myrabolans. According to this interpretation vi means 'much' and dhatri means 'myrabolans'.
Monday, August 30, 2010
Sunday, August 29, 2010
1) vedaih veda
She who can be known through the four Vedas. Rgveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda
2) There are four gates to Her dwelling place, i.e., Cintamani grha (as it is said in the name 57, Cintamanigrhantastha) and without entering them, She cannot be known. So She s Vedavedya
3) She can be known through the four deities of the four Vedas viz., Suddhavidya and other Saubhagya and others. Lopamudra and others and Turiyamba and others who are deities of Rg, Yajur, Atharva and Sama Vedas respectively
Saturday, August 28, 2010
Friday, August 27, 2010
varunapriyatvat varuni = kharjurisamaudhbhavo rasah), tasya madena (=panajanyanandena) vihvala (=bahyapadarthavismarana sila)
She who is intoxicated with the date wine
Vihvala = she forgets. She forgets all the external objects and enjoys the internal highest bliss
2) Varunasyeyam varuni (= sasyatiti) = varuniman (sahasraphanah sesah) tadvadavihvala
According to this interpretation, varuni =belonging to the region of Varuna, i.e., Anantanaga (Sesa). She like him is avihvala, not agitated. Just as Varuniman( Sesa) perpetually holds the world without agitation, She is not agitated with her functions
3) varunimantah avihvala yaya sa
Here the word varuni means varuni nadi (by knowing which the devotee reaches the thousand - petaled Lotus and after that becomes completely lost to all external experiences. Hence Varunimantah means who has encountered the varuninadi and become firm (i.e., avihvala) So the name means, by whose grace the person who has conquered varuninadi becomes firm
Thursday, August 26, 2010
1) Vamani (=sundarani) nayanani (pramanani va) yasyah sa
She who has beautiful eyes
or the word Nayanani means the means of knowledge, i.e., who has fair means of knowledge
2) vamam (=marga visesam) nayatiti
The word vama means left path (i.e., vama -marga) and naya = nayati = leads. Thus the name means she who leads the vama- marga
3) Vamam (=karmajanyaphalam) nayati (=prapayati) iti
She who takes the fruit of action. She leads those who work for good results to the best way.
Wednesday, August 25, 2010
Tuesday, August 24, 2010
Monday, August 23, 2010
1) She who is beautiful
She is called so owing to her beauty
2) Kam (=brahmaiva) antah (=siddantah) yasyah sa
According to this interpretation ka again means Brahman. The Brahman ONLY is the end (i.e., the final form) of the goddess
3) Kanta means the deity of the eleventh night of the dark fortnight
Sunday, August 22, 2010
1) kala eva alapo (=bhasanam) yasyah sa
Whose conversation is sweet
2) kalah (=manjulah) alapah yasyah sa
Whose speech is sweet. The word kala means sweet and indistinct
3) kam(=brahma), tasya lalavat (=ati sulabah) apah (praptih) yasyah (sakasat)
The word ka here means Brahman, i.e., from whom the attainment of Brahman becomes very natural just like a flow of saliva
Saturday, August 21, 2010
Friday, August 20, 2010
Thursday, August 19, 2010
Wednesday, August 18, 2010
1) The auspicious one
Because she is of auspicious nature, she is called Kalyani
2) subhatmakavani Kalya, kalyam eva anati (=sabdayate) iti Kalyani
She who speaks good words
According to the PdmP, Kalya means the idol worshipped in Malaya Mountains
Tuesday, August 17, 2010
Monday, August 16, 2010
1) kamakala eva rupam yasyah sa
She who is of the form of Kamakala
There are three Bindus in Haradkala in which the first bindu is called kama and the last one is called kala. According to the pratyaharanyaya it is called kamakala. Hence it includes all the four (four bindus)
Kamascasau kala ca (=kalarupa ca)
Here kama means desire and kala means manifestations. She is called so because she manifested Herself to fulfill desires
Sunday, August 15, 2010
Saturday, August 14, 2010
(sva) ramanesu (=patisu) ramane (kridayam) lampata (=lalasa-satrsna)
She who craved for the pleasure of sporting with her own husband, because She is the female counterpart in the entire world.
By her Grace, Chastity and Nobility is found in a woman.
Friday, August 13, 2010
Thursday, August 12, 2010
Wednesday, August 11, 2010
Tuesday, August 10, 2010
Monday, August 9, 2010
Sunday, August 8, 2010
Saturday, August 7, 2010
Friday, August 6, 2010
Thursday, August 5, 2010
Wednesday, August 4, 2010
Tuesday, August 3, 2010
Monday, August 2, 2010
rajivah (=padmam harinova) tadvad locane yasyah sa
She whose eyes is like lotus or deer
The word rajiva also means deer, fish, lotus and a dependent of a king. The name can also be interpreted as 'who looks favorably on those who depend on the king' (i.e., Mahesvara)
Sunday, August 1, 2010
Saturday, July 31, 2010
Friday, July 30, 2010
rajarajabhyam arcita (=upasita)
She who is worshipped by Rajaraja
The word rajaraja stands for both Manu and Kubera. The word also indicates the vidya of Kubera, Manu, Candra, Lopamudra, Agastya, Surya, Indra, Skanda, Manmatha, Agni and Durvasa.
Thursday, July 29, 2010
Wednesday, July 28, 2010
Tuesday, July 27, 2010
Monday, July 26, 2010
1) Hrimm (=lajjam) karotiti hrimkari
She who is the doer of shame
2) The word hrim means syllable Hrim. The meaning of Hrim is explained is SvaTan. According to it ha indicates manifestation ra involution in protection and the anusvara controls the three. So the name according to this interpretation would mean 'she who is the doer of creation, protection and involution'/
3) Hrimkara is the bhuvanesvari bija
Sunday, July 25, 2010
She who is devoid of name and form
There are five forms of the world. These are 1) being (existence, asti) 2) conciousness (experience or knowledge, bhati) 3) joy (priyam), 4) name and 5) form. Of these five, the first three belong to Brahma and the remaining two belong to the world. The last two being illusory, the Goddess is devoid of them.
Saturday, July 24, 2010
Friday, July 23, 2010
1) narasya apatyam puman narayanah, tasyeyam narayani
She is the consort of Narayana
The word narayana means either Siva or Visnu. The word is explained in Manu (I10) as "the water is called Narah, because it emanated from Nara (i.e., Brahman) and that is the first abode (ayana). Hence he is named as Narayana.
2) The sister of Visnu is called Narayani. Or, because there is no difference between Gauri and Narayani . She is called Narayani
3) According to PdmP, Narayani is the goddess worshipped in Suparsvaksetra
harisca brahma ca = indrasca haribrahmendrah taih sevita
She is worshipped by Hari, Brahma and Indra
In the SriCakra in the center between the seventeenth and eighteenth walls there is a seat of Visnu; between the sixteenth and seventeenth there is a seat of Brahma and between the fourteenth and fifteenth there is a seat of Indra and other Lokapalas. All these are worshippers of the Goddess.
The secret behind the name is that Her devotees have no need of worshipping other deities who themselves worship the Universal Mother.
1) na adih = anadih, na vidyate adih (=jananam) ca nidhanam ca yasyah sa
She who has neither beginning nor end
2) The word adi or anadi means eigthy according to the system of Vararuci. i.e., Zero and da 8 become eighty (80). there are eighty types of death. The name anadinidhana means that she releases the worshipper from these eighty deaths. These eighty causes are divided into two- pasa and vadha. Of these the vadha is of twenty-eight types and pas is of fifty two types
Tuesday, July 20, 2010
1) amba eva ambika
She is the creator of the Universe. Therefore, she is the mother of the universe.
2) Ambika means triple power consisting of will, cognition and action
3) Ambika also means night or sleep
She is of the form of night or sleep
Monday, July 19, 2010
1) Bhuvananam (=caturdasasamkhyalokanam) isvari
She who is the ruler of all the worlds
The word Bhuvana means the fourteen worlds. The word also means water
2) She is of the form of seed-sound called Hrllekha
3) Bhuvananandanatha is the name of the guru included under Manavaugha. She is the ruler of him (vide supra, I 39 comm.)
She is called Bhuvaneswari in the description of the origin of all worlds and discussion of the Ha bija in the chapter Ghatargalayantra of Daksinamurti-samhita
Sunday, July 18, 2010
Saturday, July 17, 2010
Friday, July 16, 2010
1) purusharthan pradadati sa
She who gives four purusharthas - dharma, artha, Kama and moksa
2) purusah (=rudrah) purusarthapradah yaya sa
Here the word purusa means Rudra and artha means salvation. So She is one, by whom Rudra is able to give purusartha, i.e., the worship of the Brahman and the results thereof depend on Sakti alone
Thursday, July 15, 2010
1) Sakalasca te agamah (=vedah) sakalagamah tesam sandohah (=samuhah) = sakalagamasandohah, te eva suktayah, tabhih samputam (=putitam pratipaditam) mauktikam (=nasabharanam) yasyah sa tathoka
She has the pearl found in the shell casket composed of the collection of Agamas.
Here she is fancied as a pearl or with a pearl in Her Nose-Ring.
2) or the pearl indicates the nearest attributes, viz., Creation of the Universe, because when the scriptures describe the Brahman positively they use the method of approximation (Arundhatinyaya)
The Vedas describe her nose-pearl and not the real nature.
3) sakalagamasandohah eva sukitmayah samputah tatra mautika iva
She who is like a pearl in the samputa of the conch-shell, which is the multitude of all the Vedas
Wednesday, July 14, 2010
srutinam simantah (=urdhvasamyadupnisadam bhagah) tesu sinduravat (= antargatarahasyarthavat) krta padabjadhulih (caranakamalayoh rajah) yaya sa
The dust of whose feet form a mark of vermillion of the head of the vedas (i.e., Upanishads)
The Vedas have two parts, Karmakanda and Brahmakanda. In the preceding names, Karmakanda and its fruits were explained, from here onwards the explanation of Brahmakanda is given. The word dhuli (dust) is used here to indicate the vedas (i.e., Upanishads) are unable to explain the real nature and the form of the Goddess (i.e., the highest being). Hence the method of negation to describe the supreme form is accepted.
Tuesday, July 13, 2010
Monday, July 12, 2010
nijam (=svayam) ajnam (vedavidbhihsabdabhava-natvena vyavahrtam) rupayanti it nijajna rupah; tadrsah nigamah (=karmakandatmakah vedah) yasyah sa
The Vedas explain her commands
1)Her ajna, i.e., order becomes intelligible to the knower through the words ( i.e., what the meaning and practical direction of particular karma are) by giving real meaning and praise (i.e., arthavada) etc.
2) The word nigama may mean her the teachings assisted by the Agamas. There are twenty eight Saiva tantras beginning with kamika which follows the Vedas. They are not opposed to the Vedas. They are meant by the word nigama. As they sprang from the mouth of Paramesvara they are said to be the command of the Goddess
Sunday, July 11, 2010
Saturday, July 10, 2010
brahmakitani abhivyapya iti abrahmakitam, tasya janani = abrahmakitajanani
She is the birth- give of all from Brahma to the smallest worm
The word brahma stands for Hiranyagarbha, the gross form of humanity take collectively. So like the pratyahara, all the beings between the Brahma adn Kita are the creations of the Goddess
Friday, July 9, 2010
Sahasram padah yasyah sa
Who has uncountable feet
In the names 281-284 the second and the third kuta of Pancadasi are described. In 281, by the word bhuvanavali, two Bhuvaneswari bijas are indicated. In Sahasraksi (283) 'la' and in Sahasrapat (284) the syllables ha and sa are indicated.
Thursday, July 8, 2010
Wednesday, July 7, 2010
Tuesday, July 6, 2010
unmesaimesau (= netravikasasankocau) tabhyam eva utpana = unmesanimisotpannah Vipannasca = (srstah ca nastah ca) bhuvanam avalyah yasyah
The order of the universe arises and disappears with the opening and closing of her eyes.
Here the words umesa and nimesa refer to the wish of the Goddess, i.e., by her mere wish.
Monday, July 5, 2010
padmanabhasya (=visnoh) sahodari (=ekodarabhavabhagini) ya sa
She is the cognate sister of visnu
The supreme reality assumed a dual form distinguishable as attribute (dharma) and the substance (dharmi) and the attribute again divided into two - the masculine and the feminine. The first was Visnu, the orginator of the Universe and the second (the feminine) became the wife of Paramsiva. The Brahman is the unity of these three entities.
Padmasana, Bhagavati, Padmanabhasahodari (names 278 to 280) contain the first kuta of Kadividya, viz., Vaghbhavakuta. According to this, they indicate the syllable ka, bhaga "i" vati = Kamakala, i.e., la, sa=ha,hada =ma and last syllable Ri=rim. Thus it gives letters, Ka, i, la, hrim
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Saturday, July 3, 2010
She is the form of Brahma, who is seated on the Lotus. The Goddess is identical with him
2) padmam eva asanam (=pitham) yasyah sa
She whose seat is the lotus
The lotus has prakrtis for leaves, the categories for filaments and knowledge for the stalk. Such a lotus is her seat.
3) Padmam (=laksmim) sanati (=bhaktebhyo dadati) sa
Here the word padma means lakshmi and sanati means confers. Thus the name means She who confers wealth upon her devotees.
4) The word padma means padmasura daitya and san means to kill. She is the killer of Padmasura
5) Padma also means bindu. So one who is seated on the bindu ( in Sri yantra)
Friday, July 2, 2010
Thursday, July 1, 2010
1) Bhairavasya (=parasivasya) iyam (=stri) bhairavi
She who is the wife of Bhairava
2) Bhairavi also means Tripuracakresvari mantra in the madhyakuta, when ra is deleted. She is of the form of Bhairavi Mantra
3) Bhairavi also means the sum total of everything that has a feminine form as Bhiru woman
4) A girl of twelve years is called Bhairavi
Wednesday, June 30, 2010
1) bhanumandalasya madhye tisthati sa
She who rests in the center of the solar orb
She is so called because, in the evening, the Goddess is to be meditated upon the center of the Sun's disc
2) Bhanumandala may mean the anahata lotus, as the yogi meditates upon the Goddess in the middle of the Anahata lotus
Tuesday, June 29, 2010
1) pancavidhanam krtyanam parayanam ( =asrayah) ya sa
She who is the abode of fivefold functions
2) pancavidhanam krtyesu parayana
She who is devoted to five functions
The word parayana here has two meanings, i.e., devoted to and dependent
The five functions referred to are creation (utpatti), preservation (stithi), destruction (laya) annihilation(tirodhana) and causing reappearance (avirbhava by anugraha). In the Sakti sutras these five functions of the Goddess are called abhasana, rakti, vimarsana, bijavasthapana, and vilapana respectively.
Monday, June 28, 2010
anugrahah (= niravasesadhvansamapannasya jagatah srstyadau punah paramanvadiru-patapattih), tam dadati sa
She who recreates the universe again from the state into which it was dissolved.
She performs the function of Sadasiva. Tirodhana and anugraha means bondage and liberation respectively to which jiva is subjected. According to this interpretation, it means that Isvara binds the jivas engendering egoism and possessiveness in them and Sadasiva causes liberation.
Sunday, June 27, 2010
Saturday, June 26, 2010
1) Isvarah (=ghanatarasuddhasattvapradhanah) tadabhinnatvat isvari
She who is not different form Isvara qualified by uncontaminated sattva
2) The parahanta is the quality of Isvara. She is possessed of this supreme individuality, hence she is called Isvari.
Friday, June 25, 2010
1) Tirodhanam (=acchadhanam=niravasase dhvansah) tat karoti iti
She who entirely veils (destroys) the universe.
Her function is total annihilation of by reducing even the ultimate atoms of the world by reducing them to the prakrti. This is the work of Isvara endowed only with total aggregate sattva.
2) Tirodhanakari may mean tiraskarini sakti. i.e., she abhors non devotees.
Thursday, June 24, 2010
1) rudrah rupam yasyah sa
She who ensouls the form of Rudr
In the preceding name the function of Rudra is ascribed to Her. In this name, the very form is ascribed to Her.
2) rujam dravayatiti va rodayati va
She who takes away sorrows or makes creatures weep, as the rain which falls at the time of destruction (i.e., dissolution) of the universe from His (Rudra) solar eye in the form of tears.
3) According to Chandogyapanisad the pranas are the rudras they make creatures weep
4) Ru (=dukham duhkhaheturva), tadravayati iti rudrah sa eva rupam yasyah sa
Ru= pain or cause of pain. He (Rudra) drives away the pain, hence he is called Rudra. She is of the form of Rudra, of the supreme cause
Wednesday, June 23, 2010
Tuesday, June 22, 2010
Monday, June 21, 2010
Sunday, June 20, 2010
Saturday, June 19, 2010
Friday, June 18, 2010
Sarvabhih (=catasrbhih) avasthabhih visesena (=punaravrtyabhavapurvakam) varjitah (=jivah) =sarvavasthavivarjita, tadabhinna sa
She who is not different from the jiva who is devoid of all the four states.
After the four states is the fifth state of jiva which does not have any special name but is called Turyatita. When the soul attains this state, it is called sarvavasthavivarjita because when it enters the fifth state it has naturally transcended the first four states., viz completely and varjita = crossing, i.e., one who does not return. This state puts an end to its rebirth. The Siva - sutras describe the condition of the three states.
She is described so because She is not different from Jivas that have the highest Siva realization individually as well as collectively.
Thursday, June 17, 2010
1) Turya (=mahakaranasarirabhimani jivah) tadabhina
She is identical with Turya
Turya is the last state after the third state. In this state, the jiva is not affected by the experiences of the other three states. The jiva here is called Turya and the total of such jivas is a great cause. The goddess has thus become both the Individual and the genius. For this purpose she is called Turya.
2) turya + turiya devata
According to Sakti Rahasya, Turya is devata. The same thing is described in the ManUp.
Wednesday, June 16, 2010
Tuesday, June 15, 2010
supta asti asyah or suptam (=samdavastha), tadvam (=jivah) suptah, tadabhinna sa
Supta, i.e., susupta is explained as that jiva who is merged in the causal body and enjoys sound sleep. The susupti avastha as experienced by the jiva is described in Siva Sutras (I 10) as "I slept happily. I know nothing". Hence in deep sleep ignorance egoism and happiness exist. The soul in this state is called Prajna.
Monday, June 14, 2010
taijasa (=uktalaksnaj ivah tat samastibhuto hiranyagarbhah ) eva atma (=svarupam) yasyah sa
Who ebsouls the taijasa (Hiranyagarbha)
Hiranyagarbha is the collective form of the Jivas, who through subtle form experience clearly the objects created by dream.
Sunday, June 13, 2010
Saturday, June 12, 2010
Friday, June 11, 2010
1) visve (= jivah vaisvanarah) rupam yasyah sa
The jivas in the world are her form.
2) Visvameva rupam, yasyah sa
Who has the whole universe as Her form.
3) Vigatam Svarupam (=pasubhavah) yasyah (prasadat) sa
The name is split as vi+sva+rupa. The name, according to this interpretation means one by whose grace the pasubhava disappears.
Thursday, June 10, 2010
1)dharmasa adharmasca dharmadharmau, tabhyam vivarjita
She who is above the (lit., devoid of) dharma and adharma
The word dharma means an action leading to the desirable fruit, while adharma means the action leading to the undesirable result. The word dharma is derived by the MtsyP from root dhr+ma where dhr means to support and ma means great. Thus the word dharma means the great support.
2) Dharmadharmau bandamoksau tabyam vivarjita
Here the word dharma means bondage and adharma means liberation as explained in the Nityahrdaya.
3) dharmah (=sakti aksarah) ca adharman (=sivaksrah) ca dharma-dharmau, tabhyam vivarjita.
According to this interpretation, the word dharma stands for the letter of Sakti adn adharma for the letter of Siva. Vivarjita =fully increased (here root vraj is taken to mean to increase) . The expression thus means who is increased by the letters representing Sakti and Siva.
Wednesday, June 9, 2010
She who assumes the form of meditation, meditator and the object of meditation.
The root dhyai used in the three words in the above name means to think or to meditate. It also means measurement (mana) as it is explained in Yogasutra. She is the triad of cognition, cognizer and what is cognized, otherwise called the form of knowledge, of the knower and of the object of the knowledge.
Tuesday, June 8, 2010
1) Vijnanam (=caitanyam) eva ghanam (=sandram) rupamasyah
She whose true nature is pure consciousness
The word Vijnana mans caitanya, ghana = essence. She who is harmonious by pure consciousness.
2) Vinjnanam (=jiva) tena ghanam (=samastyatmakam) rupam asyah
The word Vijnana here means Jiva (soul). She is one who assumes the form of Hiranyagarbha, Brahman conditioned by the totality of the internal organs of all transmigratory souls.
Monday, June 7, 2010
Sunday, June 6, 2010
Saturday, June 5, 2010
Pancabrahmanam svarupam asyah
Whose body is constituted of the five brahmans
Panchabrahma means five deities beginning with Brahma mentioned above. They are all called Brahma because Brahman takes these five forms by his power of maya.
The five Brahmas are Isana, Tatpurusa, Aghora, Vamadeva, and Sadyojata. But as the LgP says they are jiva, prakriti, buddhi, ahamkara and manas. Even the senses ear, skin, eyes, tongue and nose and subtle elements are the five forms of the Brahman. All these are her forms
Friday, June 4, 2010
pancabhih pretaih (=kalpite) asane (mancake)asina
She is mounted on the stage formed by the five corpses.
The word panca refers to five, namely, Brahma, Visnu, Rudra, Isvara, Sadasiva. They are called pretas when they are devoid of their powers (i.e., Saktis). These powers cause them to function in pancakaryas but without them they are inactive and, hence, pretas (i.e., lifeless). And the Goddess is their ruler who is seated on the couch prepared by their lifeless bodies.
Thursday, June 3, 2010
1) Padmaragena sama (=tulya) prabha (=kantih) yasyah sa
She whose brilliance is like Padmaraga
Padmaraga is a kind of diamond (ruby). Her brilliance is as red as ruby.
2) Padmasya (=kokanadasya) ragena (raktima) sama prabha yasyah sa
whose color is as red as the lotus
The name may refer to Amrtakundalini
Wednesday, June 2, 2010
Tuesday, June 1, 2010
Monday, May 31, 2010
Sunday, May 30, 2010
caruyah chandrakalayah dhara (=dharyitri)
She is placing a beautiful crescent (on her head)
The word caru indicates never waxing or waning (vrddhiksaya rahita)
Candrakala may mean sadakhya-kala which is of the nature of pure consciousness.
The word candrakala may also mean the princess named candrakala, famous in DvBh. Here the word caru means rightly and dhara means 'supports'. Thus the name means she who rightly supports candrakala.
Saturday, May 29, 2010
Friday, May 28, 2010
Thursday, May 27, 2010
1) candramandalasya madhyam gacchatti sa
She who rests in the orb of the moon
She is called so because when kundalini rises in the pericarp of the sahasrara, She breaks through the moon's disc.
2) She actually worshipped and meditated upon in the moon's disc in special prayoga to increase the life span.
3) The secret meaning of the moon is sri-cakra itself.
Wednesday, May 26, 2010
Tuesday, May 25, 2010
She is so called because Srividya is differentiated into twelve kinds by ardent devotees of the Goddess. These twelve devotees, whose name are associated with worship are Manu, Candra, Kubera, Lopamudra, Manmatha, Agastya, Agni, Surya, Indra, Skanda, Siva and Durvasa.
She is called Manu-Vidya , i.e, mantra used in worship by Manu.
Monday, May 24, 2010
1) Mahadbhih catuh sastiyoginisu (=amsabhutah) ye kotisamkya ka gamah, taih sevita
She who is attended upon by sixty-four crores of great hosts of yoginis.
Catusastikotiyoginigana= the eight divinities beginning with Bramhani. Each has eight saktis (powers) (Aksobhya, etc)which make up the sixty-four yoginis. Each of the sixty-four yoginis has a crore of hosts. Hence these hosts are sixty-four crores in number.
2) Acc. to TanRaj thse are the 64 yoginis of the nine cakras of Lalita (Trilokyamohana, etc). Among these are the prakata, gupta, guptatara, kulottirna, nigharba, rahasya, atirahasya, paraparatirahsya.
The word mahat means nine times multiplied.
Sunday, May 23, 2010
Friday, May 21, 2010
mahesvarasya mahakalpe yat mahatandavam tasya saksini
The witness of the tremendously violent dance of Mahesvara at the close of the great cycle of creation.
The word Mahakalpa means the great dissolution, i.e., Pralaya
Saksini - She is called the witness because when the whole universe is dissolved into its cause, the self alone remains. Then the cosmic dance begins and there is no other witness except herself.
mahabhairavena (=parasivena) pujita
She who is worshipped by Mahabhairava
The word Mahabhairava means the Parasiva. He is called great bhairava because he nourishes (bha-bharana), destroys (ra=ramana)and creates (vamana lit., to vomit). He is the source of all the three actions of the Universe.Hence he is great and the goddess is worshipped by such Mahabhairava. Mahabhairava is otherwise called as Mahasambhu, who invoked the Goddess from the altar fire of cidagni.
1) mahayagah sa eva kramah - mahayagakramah, tena aradhya
She who is properly worshipped by the method of mahayaga.
The word mahayaga is a Tantric term. It means the worship of sixty-four yoginis by giving them oblations to them. These sixty -four yoginis are considered to be the part of Brahmi, etc.
Krama = worshipping sixty four yoginis (i.e., in the proper method), as they confer quick results whereas others cause delay.
2) The word mahayaga would also mean the occult meditation, as it is explained in the Bhavanopanishad. The Mahayaga is most secret and it is to be accomplished by sivayogins alone
1) mahanti yantrani yasyah sa
Whose yantras are great.
The word yantra refers to the cakras- pajacakra, padmacakras, amrtacakra and merucakra, etc.
2) mahat (=sarvottamam) yantram (=siddhi vajrakhyam) yasyah sa
The word also means siddhivajra cakra which is considered as the best yantra of the goddess.
Mahanti tantrani yasyah sa
She whose tantras are great. Tantras are called great because they bring many good results.
The word tantra also means the tantra called svatantra which teaches the equivalence of Shiva and Sakti. The svantantra is called so because it is not dependent on any other tantra
1) Mahati casau siddhisca
She is the highest attainment
When one reaches the goddess, all other attainments become trivial for him as she is the highest attainment.
2) mahan siddhih yasyah (sakasat) iti
She gives attainment to the devotee.
The word siddi means the siddhis like anima, laghima, etc., and others described in Skanda Purana
1) Mahati ca asau buddhisca
She is the great intelligence
She is so called because when one knows Her, for him, nothing remains to be known.
2) Mahati buddhih (sakasat) iti
That is, from Her, one gets the highest intelligence
Even an ignorant person becomes a great scholar by her grace.
1) Mahan abhogah (=ksitayadirupovistarah) yasah sa
Whose expanse is very vast.
Abhoga means the great expanse including the entire universe down to the earth
2) mahan bhogah (=sukham) asti asyah
Whose happiness (i.e., Joy) is great
or the word bhoga may mean with wealth (i.e., Dhanam). She is so-called because bhoga, i.e., Her experience gives supreme happiness which cannot be measured.
mahati (=vistrta) saktih (=samarthyam) yasyah sa
Who is endowed with great valour. She is called so because she manages the whole universe.
The word sakti may mean weapon. As she possesses the most potent weapons to kill the demons and evils, she is called Mahasaktih.
Sunday, May 2, 2010
mahati casau maya ca
She who causes great delusion or she who is the great delusion herself.
She is called so because she causes delusions for brahmanas and scholars.
or it may mean pride and compassion or grace. So she is full of compassion. (i.e., krpa)
Saturday, May 1, 2010
Friday, April 30, 2010
Thursday, April 29, 2010
Wednesday, April 28, 2010
Tuesday, April 27, 2010
mahati ca sa laksmisca
The great lakshmi
Mahalakshmi = the consort of Visnu. She is not different from Visnu. She is called Mahalakshmi as she killed the daitya called Mahala
The word laksmi may mean Parvati to which the honorific maha is prefixed.
A thirteen year old girl is also called Mahalaksmi
Monday, April 26, 2010
1) Mahati ca sa devi ca
Maha great. She has a body which is immeasurable by any measurement
2) mahadevasya (=candramurteh sivasya) iyam (=patni)
She is Mahadeva's wife
Mahadeva is the eight form of Siva, i.e., that of moon
3) Mahadevi means deity at the cakratirtha on the bank of Gandaki
Sunday, April 25, 2010
She is the wife of Mahesvara
Mahesvara = attributes Param Siva who is beyond three qualities (i.e., Sattva, Rajas and Tamas). He is called Brahma, Visnu and Rudra Respectively when these qualities are attributed to him. But he is Mahesvara devoid of all qualities
Manonmani rupa ya sa
She has a form like that of Manonmani
Manonmani is a particular place situated at the eighth stage from the center of the two eyebrows and below the brahma-randhra in Sahasrara
2) Or it means a mudra famous in Yogasastra
3) Manamsi unmanyante (=utkrsta jnanayuktanikurute) yaya sa
She who leads the mind to the higher state when the distinction between meditation, meditator and the object of the meditation fades away and the Divine Reality is realized. This is called the Manonmani Stage
1) Sarvatantrani (=vamakesvaradi) eva rupam (=sariram) yasyah sa
She who is the subject of all tantras
Tantras, the word, refers to the works such as the vamakesvara tantra
2) Sarvatatraih nirupya ya
She who is described in all the tantras
She is attained or she is sought for by means of all the tantra
Sarvamantrasvarupini, sarvayantratmika, and Sarvatantrarupa (names 204,205 & 206) together express the idea of the name no 203, i.e., Sarvamayi. That is why she called Sarvamayi
Wednesday, April 21, 2010
Sarvam asti asyah
She possesses all forms.
All the tattvas beginning with earth and ending in Siva, are present in her. Also she is endowed with the powers of all the deities (sarvasaktimayi)
The name is attributed because without non separation there cannot be unlimited dominion.
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
1) sadgatih (=svargadimoksantah) pradadati sa
She who leads to the real path
Sadgati, according to this interpretation, means all states beginning from svarga (heaven) to moksa
2) Satah (=brahmanah) gatim (avagatim=jnanam) pradadati sa
She who reveals the knowledge of Brahmin to the Devotee.
Sat means Brahman and gati=avagati = knowledge
satam gatim pradadatiti sa
She who leads to the path of wise men (goal of excellence)
Sat = satam=of wise, gati=goal. As she is the excellent goal. She directs devotees on that path
1) Sarva saktayah santi asyah
She has all deities in herself
The name means that She is not separated from the saktis like Bala, Bagala, etc.
She possess powers of all the gods and deities
3) Sarva also means infinite